The rum-running industry died when prohibition was repealed in 1933 by the Twenty-first Amendment. It was nicknamed "The Nude," and was believed to have been successfully stolen for display in some art collector's private cache. No bridges connected Ontario, Canada and Michigan, US, until the Ambassador Bridge was finished in 1929 and the Detroit–Windsor Tunnel in 1930. Long known for industry and its environmental repercussions, the Detroit River is a different place today than it was 50 years ago. [25] The Gordie Howe International Bridge is a new bridge project which began construction in 2015; it will directly connect Highway 401 in Canada to Interstate 75 in the U.S. River connecting Lake Huron with Lake Erie, Location of the Detroit River in the United States. On what body of water did the ancient city of Troy lie? Many are very small and uninhabited, but Grosse Île on the U.S. side and Bois Blanc (Boblo) Island on the Canadian side each have permanent populations. The iconic Renaissance Center is on the banks of the Detroit River. (east), and connecting Lake St. Clair (north) with the west end of Lake Erie (south). The Detroit River from downtown Detroit to the rivermouth at Lake Erie. The Detroit River became the world's busiest commercial river and in 1908 was dubbed "the Greatest Commercial Artery on Earth" by The Detroit News. It is crossed completely by a bridge and a tunnel and is 1 to 1.5 miles (1.5 to 2.5 km) wide. Much of the Detroit River and its shoreline were polluted and unsafe for recreational use. It begins with an east-to-west flow from Lake St. Clair, but curves and runs north to south.

All crossings (ports of entry) on the American side are secured by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection's Office of Field Operations and on the Canadian side by the Canada Border Services Agency; all areas between the American ports of entry and on the American side of the river are secured by the United States Border Patrol. The river's English name comes from the French Rivière du Détroit ("River of the Strait").

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Thousands of migrating birds died each year because of the oil slicks and contaminated water around the mouth of the Detroit River at Lake Erie.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge, William G. Milliken State Park and Harbor, Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, Windsor-Detroit International Freedom Festival, "How the Detroit River shaped lives and history", "Detroit River (MI): An American Heritage Designated River", "Detroit River, Ontario: A Unique International Heritage", "History of Detroit: Antoine de la Mothe, Sieur de Cadillac", "Detroit River's muddy bottom conceals cannons, cars, guns", "The Appendix B: Prohibition in Michigan and the Avenue de Booze", "Anyone Who Couldn't Get a Drink Wasn't Tryin, "Reports: Archaeologists find 30,000 artifacts along Detroit River", "Grosse Pointe War Memorial to restore, display recovered statue", "Historic anchor pulled from Detroit River", "Return of the Detroit River's Charismatic Megafauna", "Detroit/Windsor Border Update: Part I-Detroit River International Crossing Study", U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Detroit River, The Detroit River Looking Up to the Entrance to Lake St. Clair, Windsor, Canada, September 24, 1864 by D.J. Open water of river and Lake Erie, with rich beds of wild celery (Valisineria americana). Omissions?

Finally a massive conservation effort was initiated to clean up the Detroit River. The river is 28 miles long and serves as the international border between Canada and the United States, connecting Lake St. Clair and the Upper Great Lakes to Lake Erie, and is one of the busiest waterways in the world. In the early 1900s, Detroit became one of the largest cities in the United States, and the Detroit River played a major role. Early winter surveys have recorded high counts of 79,300 Canvasbacks (i.e. [21][22], In 1961, a congressional order founded the Wyandotte National Wildlife Refuge.

The Detroit River flows west and south for 24 nautical miles (44 km; 28 mi) from Lake St. Clair to Lake Erie as a strait in the Great Lakes system. Sort out the facts and discover where some of the longest, shortest, and hottest bodies of water lie. Photo: Howard Arndt/Audubon Photography Awards, Great Egret. The earliest use of the river for these economic activities was the shipping of furs for trade as early as the 17th century. Another seven, larger cannons may have fallen off a barge closer to Amherstburg, Ontario, and may yet be found in the river. The Detroit River is designated both an American Heritage River and a Canadian Heritage River—the only river to have this dual designation.[4][5]. Local economies benefit through boating registrations and fishing licenses. The 6,000-pound anchor of the SS Greater Detroit was raised in November 2016. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

The river is home to a growing number of bird species such as eagles (including reintroduced bald eagles), ospreys, and peregrine falcons. The next day, he established Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit, which developed as Detroit. In the early 1900s, Detroit became one of the largest cities in the United States, and the Detroit River played a major role.

The Detroit-Windsor Tunnel was formally dedicated on Saturday, November 1, 1930. Smugglers used boats of varying sizes to transport alcohol across the river during the summer, and during the winter months, rum-runners traveled back and forth across the frozen Detroit River by car. It is an important transportation route connecting Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, and Lake Superior to the St. Lawrence Seaway and Erie Canal. Are the Trump Administration's Environmental Rollbacks Built to Last? This IBA is recognized for its outstanding migrant and wintering waterfowl and waterbird concentrations.

Updates? Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. The Detroit River is used for shipping and trading. U.S. Geological Survey. These threats are still problematic and will require continued attention. Alice’s Garden: Solutions for Clean Water in Milwaukee, Year of the River: The Elwha and White Salmon. The river is 28 miles long, and the Detroit shoreline comprises roughly 10 miles of it. A strait is defined as a waterway that connects two larger bodies of water, and the Detroit River does just that: creating a passageway between Lake Huron and Lake Erie. At its source, the river is at an elevation of 175 m (574 ft) above sea level. [17] The artifacts recovered are well preserved due to the river's fresh water but low visibility makes them difficult to find. Most islands are in the southern portion of the waterway, close to where the river empties into Lake Erie. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Several of these communities do not border the Detroit River but the term "Downriver" refers broadly to the cluster of 18 suburban communities that lie to the southwest of the city of Detroit and to the west of the Detroit River. The Detroit River is a river in the Great Lakes system. The cities and communities southwest of Detroit along the American side of the river are popularly referred to as the Downriver area, because those areas are said to be "down the river" from Detroit. The Detroit River helped Detroit, the nation’s auto manufacturing hub, grow to become the country’s fifth largest city in 1950, but this enormous urban center led to problems with pollution, and the river suffered.