There they were protected by the fortress at the harbor, whose commander treated them as Danish allies. King Frederik III on horseback. Charles's invasion of Poland in July 1655 came as a distinct relief to Frederick, even though the Polish War was full of latent peril to Denmark. Friedrich (dänisch Christian Frederik Vilhelm Carl), aus dem Hause Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (Zweiglinie Haus Oldenburg), war der älteste Sohn von König Christian IX. He felt that temperament and policy would combine to make Charles an aggressive warrior-king: the only uncertainty was in which direction he would turn his arms first. The peace banquet (Fredstaffelet) at Frederiksborg Castle following the signing of the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658. Frederick III (March 28, 1609 February 19, 1670) was King of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death. Frederick was, at the time, archbishop of Bremen and not heir to the throne, and was not expected to succeed to the throne. Frederick at once sued for peace. FREDERICK III. Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Commons category with local link different than on Wikidata, Joachim Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg, Margravine Catherine of Brandenburg-Küstrin, Landgravine Anne Eleonore of Hesse-Darmstadt, Philipp Ludwig II, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg, Countess Amalie Elisabeth of Hanau-Münzenberg, Countess Palatine Elizabeth Charlotte of Simmern. The couple had the following children: Also, he had with Margarethe Pape one illegitimate son, Ulrik Frederik Gyldenløve. He made use of his popularity by realizing the dream of a lifetime and converting an elective into an absolute monarchy by the Revolution of 1660. [3] He was an enthusiastic collector of books and his collection became the foundation for the Copenhagen Royal Library. King Frederick holds a memorable place in the social history of the city of Venice for a visit he made during the winter of 1708–09, the king stayed in city with an entourage of at least 70 people, formally incognito as Count of Oldenburg, not to be unknown, but to get rid of the cumbersome and more costly etiquette that belonged to a king's conduct. In order to be elected king after the death of his father, Frederick conceded significant influence to the nobility. From Den store Danske. The Dutch then assisted in the liberation of the Danish Isles in 1659. This was Frederick's first collision with the Danish nobility, who afterwards regarded him with extreme distrust. He was particularly impressed by the architecture in Italy and, on his return to Denmark, asked his father, Christian V, for permission to build a summer palace on Solbjerg, as the hill in Valby was then known, the future site of Frederiksberg Palace. King Frederik III on horseback. Frederick was resolved upon a rupture with Sweden at the first convenient opportunity. With all his good qualities, Frederick was not a man to recognize fully his own limitations and that of his country. So strong was the city by this time that Charles X, abandoning his original intention of carrying the place by assault, began a regular siege; but this also he was forced to abandon when, on October 29, an auxiliary Dutch fleet, after reinforcing and reprovisioning the garrison, defeated, in conjunction with the Danish fleet, the Swedish navy of 44 liners in the Sound. The Danish regiments fought against the Kuruc army and French auxiliaries (Battle of Zsibó). Frederick III (March 18, 1609 – February 9, 1670) was king of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death, and instituted Denmark as an absolute monarchy in 1660. Christian V’s mother was Princess Sophie-Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg who was born at the Herzberg Castle, in Herzberg am Harz. In the first years of his reign, Rigsraadet was the main power center of Danish politics. With the aid of his adviser Hannibal Sehested, Frederick introduced sweeping reforms of the state administration. 2 Defeated by Sweden . [3] At the age of eighteen, he was the chief commandant of the Bremian fortress of Stade. On 23 April he received the assent of the majority of Rigsraadet to attack Sweden's German dominions. Frederick III (Danish: Frederik; 18 March 1609 – 9 February 1670[1]) was king of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death in 1670. [3] At the September 1660 gathering of the Estates, intended to solve the financial problems faced after the wars, Frederick played the different Estates against each other. But the government and the people displayed a memorable, and exemplary energy, under the constant supervision of the king and queen, and mayor Nansen.