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In order to be able to pay the fees to get your children into an independent school, you have to be comfortably in the top 10% of households. 0000008652 00000 n oS¹-k�j���˺g�h38�+b���#�U�V�K�^1����5��,��-�ʤ�aS3+�E�B�����m�*~1;�����f�g�vp�^�ЧgL�v&�f�ʘ��|�B �M����$T 0000003756 00000 n 0000004047 00000 n It has a duty to assess progress in improving social mobility in the UK and to promote social mobility in England. 0000028960 00000 n The Social Mobility Commission's State of the Nation 2018 to 2019 report highlights inequality in Britain and sets out key findings and recommendations. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. 0000005427 00000 n It’s time for our major public institutions to lead by example. Consistent budget cuts have made it more difficult to provide opportunities for everyone. Increasing numbers of students from disadvantaged families are entering university, but they are more likely to drop out before they graduate. In 2019 parents in households with a gross annual income of no more than £16190 were entitled to claim for Free School Meals. 0000021168 00000 n Some parents might work in traditionally ‘working-class’ jobs which could be very well paid, such as the building trades; while other parents might be earning a limited amount of money working part-time in traditionally middle-class jobs – as private music teachers for example. We recommend that government departments should become accredited voluntary living wage employers to include contracted staff.

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In terms of widening access, universities should make more use of contextualised offers.

The year 2000 was when Britain became more middle class than working class, according to social grading data. People from working class backgrounds are more likely to be paid below the voluntary living wage than those from more advantaged backgrounds (27% versus 17%). The commission calls for a significant increase in funding for all 16 to 19 year olds, and a special student premium for the disadvantaged. 0000002558 00000 n IF we think household income is a valid indicator of social class, we can also say there are huge social class differences in educational achievement based on the above statistics. 3042 0 obj <> endobj xref 3042 39 0000000016 00000 n Household income is related to social class, but income alone does not tell us exactly which social class someone is from. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. 0000012709 00000 n 0000003049 00000 n Thus you must remember that household income indicators are only proxies for social class, they may not show us precisely what a child’s social class background is. Alastair da Costa, commissioner and chair of Capital City Group, says: Further education provides alternative life chances for all 16 plus age groups. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Find statistics from government. Tell us whether you accept cookies. 0000004710 00000 n

0000015900 00000 n You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. You’ve accepted all cookies. Some basic categories covering most of the British population around 1500 to 1700 are as follows. Learn how your comment data is processed. 0000036834 00000 n The better off are nearly 80% more likely to end up in professional jobs than those from a working-class background. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated, National restrictions in England until 2 December,, The long shadow of deprivation: differences in opportunities, Social mobility in Great Britain - state of the nation 2018 to 2019, Social mobility barometer poll results 2019, Coronavirus (COVID-19): guidance and support, Transparency and freedom of information releases, extend eligibility and uptake of the 30 hour childcare offer to those only working 8 hours a week, as a first step to make it available to more low-income families, raise per pupil funding by a significant amount for those aged 16 to 19, and introduce a new pupil premium for disadvantaged students in that age group, become an accredited voluntary living wage employer so that government departments pay the voluntary living wage to civil servants and all contracted workers including cleaning and catering staff, social mobility has remained virtually stagnant since 2014. Four years ago, 59% of those from professional backgrounds were in professional jobs, rising to 60% last year, in 2014 only 32% of those from working class backgrounds got professional jobs, rising marginally to 34% last year, those from working class backgrounds earn 24% less a year than those from professional backgrounds, even if they get a professional job they earn 17% less than more privileged peers, by age 6 there is a 14% gap in phonics attainment between children entitled to free school meals and those more advantaged, by age 7 the gap has widened to 18% in reading, 20% in writing and 18% in mathematics, only 16% of pupils on free school meals attain at least 2 A levels by age 19, compared to 39% of all other pupils, twice the number of disadvantaged 16 to 18 year olds are at further education colleges compared to sixth-forms, and this segregation within the education system has risen by 1.2% since 2013, student funding for 16 to 19 year olds has fallen 12% since 2011 to 2012, and is now 8% lower than for secondary schools (11 to 15 year olds), leading to cuts to the curriculum and student support services that harm disadvantaged students, graduates who were on free school meals earn 11.5% less than others 5 years after graduating, the government should extend the eligibility of the 30 hour childcare offer by lowering the lower income limit of eligibility to those earning the equivalent of 8 hours per week, as a first step towards making it available to more parents, the government should consider whether pupil premium funding is effectively targeted at supporting disadvantaged students, and whether differential levels of funding might benefit those with long-term disadvantage, the government should increase per student spending in the 16 to 19 education budget by a significant amount within the upcoming spending review, the government should introduce a student premium for disadvantaged students aged 16 to 19 that models the pupil premium in schools, with a goal of targeting funding and focus on raising attainment for disadvantaged students, the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (, universities should only make pre-qualification unconditional offers where it is clearly in the interests of the individual students to do so.

Clearly moving out is too often necessary to move up.

0000017503 00000 n A shocking 45% of child care workers are on benefits or tax credits. Social class is an identity based on shared socio‐economic status. 60% say they are working class, compared with 40% who say they are middle class. 0000036054 00000 n Disadvantaged pupils start school years behind their peers in terms of attainment, but they can catch up with good schooling. 0000006040 00000 n Twice the number of disadvantaged 16 to 18 year olds are in further education than in school sixth forms, but funding has fallen by 12% since 2011 to 2012. The problem is, the government does not routinely collect statistics on the relationship between social class and educational achievement! This site uses Akismet to reduce spam.

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