The Koch kingdom in Western Assam and present-day North Bengal was at its zenith in the early reign of Nara Narayan (c. 1540–1587 AD). With the tropical monsoon climate, Assam is temperate (summer max. It is estimated that Assam and surrounding region possess around 150 million tonnes of petroleum reserves. Assam is a part of the Biodiversity Hotspot area. Local news and music are the main priority for that station.
Assam has conserved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros from near extinction, along with the pygmy hog, tiger and numerous species of birds, and it provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant. Apart from accounts of the more important Khasi kingdoms in the chronicles of the neighbouring Ahoms and Kacharis, little is known of Meghalaya prior to the British period.

It was incorporated into the new province of Eastern Bengal and Assam in 1905 after the partition of Bengal (1905–1911) and re-established in 1912 as Assam Province .

Two are now extinct.[95]. Eastern Assamese districts, including Sivasagar and Jorhat, registered around 9 per cent population growth. Most of the schools follow the state's examination board which is called the Secondary Education Board of Assam.
Bwisagu is one of the popular seasonal festivals of the Bodos. Need a special Assam map? [188] It is a celebration of sowing crop. In the classical period and up to the 12th century the region east of the Karatoya river, largely congruent to present-day Assam, was called Kamarupa, and alternatively, Pragjyotisha. Roughly between the Brahmaputra valley and the south-central hill region are the northern ranges, which extend northeastward from Dabaka (east of Dispur) to Bokakhat in east-central Assam. Bodoland Autonomous Territorial Council, Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council and Dima Hasao Autonomous Council. School girls in the classroom, Lakhiganj High School, Assam, National Institute of Technology, Silchar, Jorhat Engineering College of Assam Science and Technology University, Assam schools are run by the Indian government, government of Assam or by private organisations. In November 1990, the Government of India deployed the Indian army, after which low-intensity military conflicts and political homicides have been continuing for more than a decade. Tunkhungia Buranji or A History of Assam (1681–1826) 1968 page 207, Barbaruah Hiteswar Ahomar-Din or A History of Assam under the Ahoms 1981 page 318, Barua Gunaviram Assam Buranji or A History of Assam 2008 page 116-117, Gait E.A. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Himalayan golden-backed three-toed woodpecker, "Physiography of Assam and Assam Physiographical Divisions", Department of Geography, Gauhati University, Department of Geological Sciences, Gauhati University - Profile and Contacts, "Brahmaputra Valley Semi-evergreen Forests",, Articles lacking in-text citations from August 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 16:10. A total reserve of 97 million tonnes of limestone has been found in these two districts and almost half of the reserve is of cement grade. Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. As the Brahmaputra flows in Assam the climate here is cold and there is rainfall most of the month.

Suresh Kant Sharma, Usha Sharma – 2005,"Discovery of North-East India: Geography, History, Culture, ... – Volume 3", Page 248, Davaka (Nowgong) and Kamarupa as separate and submissive friendly kingdoms. [69] The recently established Kaziranga National Orchid and Biodiversity Park boasts more than 500 of the estimated 1,314 orchid species found in India. Many job-seekers are eligible for jobs in sectors like railways and Oil India but do not get these jobs because of the appointment of candidates from outside of Assam to these posts. This article discusses the geological origin, geomorphic characteristics, and climate of the northeastern Indian state of Assam. at 43–46 °F or 6–8 °C) and experiences heavy rainfall and high humidity. The average height of these hills in Assam varies from 300m to 400m to a maximum of about 2000m almost. Political rivalry between Prime Minister Purnananda Burhagohain and Badan Chandra Borphukan, the Ahom Viceroy of Western Assam, led to an invitation to the Burmese by the latter,[30][31][32][33] in turn leading to three successive Burmese invasions of Assam. [75] In 2001, the census had recorded literacy in Assam at 63.3% with male literacy at 71.3% and female at 54.6%. [174] The cities of Guwahati[175][176] in the west and Dibrugarh[177][178] in the east with good rail,[179][180] road and air connectivity are the two important nerve centres of Assam, to be selected by Asian Development Bank for providing $200 million for improvement of urban infrastructure.[181][182]. [citation needed], The capital, Dispur, contains institutions of higher education for students of the north-eastern region. Assam has rich limestone reserves. Annual rainfall in Shillong, only about 50 miles (80 km) from Cherrapunji, is about 90 inches (2,290 mm). Many of these areas have been protected by developing national parks and reserved forests.