This, coupled with the fact that the government failed to get its plan allocation released because it could not contribute the matching non-plan grant, aggravated the financial crisis. Acmella paniculata, Chromolaena odorata, Hyptis suveolens, Lantana camara and Parthenium hysterophorus are some of the alien invasive species found naturalized and competing with the native species in the forests. Suppose the building in which the owner resides is to be reconstructed ten years down the line or it comes under the Government acquisition project and made available for demolition, the compensation administered to the flat owner will depend on the percentage of the undivided land share in the property. Cattle-grazing has been another serious problem posing an immense pressure on the ground vegetation of forest ecosystems. [45][46][47], Standing crops worth Rs 800 crore were destroyed in the five northern districts of Saharsa , Supaul , Madhepura , Araria and Purnia . Majority of these tribal communities especially those inhabiting in the woodlands are utilizing the available wide range of wild plant resources for various purposes. Its 2,500-odd clients include Tatas, Birlas, Reliance, SBI, PNB, ICICI, Hyundai, American Express, Essar, Coca-Cola, Pepsi, Idea and Wipro, to name a few. An allotted car park is a very prized possession for the calculation of UDS. Protected Areas: There are 11 Wildlife Sanctuaries and one National Park in the state that cover an area of about 2,182.15 km2 and constitute 2.74% of the total geographical area of the state. Leaves of Diospyros melanoxylon (locally well-known as ‘Kendu’), and of other species namely Bauhinia racemosa, Butea monosperma, Diospyros malabarica and Shorea robusta are used in wrapping beedis. The undivided Bihar government developed important industrial cities like Bokaro, Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, and Ranchi in the south. Sher Shah built the Grand Trunk Road stretching from Bengal to Peshawar, which is in use even today. The governments aim is to convert these roads into double-lane traffic corridors as per international standards and bids have been invited for the conversion of these roads in accordance with international bidding procedures. After November 2005, the government of Bihar has introduced several laws, which it hopes, will provide a positive contribution to the future development of the state's industries.

The building itself isn’t of lot much importance because the value of the constructed area depreciates. Indigenous Tribal Communities: There are about 30 different tribal communities in the state of Bihar; Santal, Oraon, Kharwar, Gond, Munda, Lohara, Kisan and Kora are the major tribal communities with large population (with above 10,000 to more than one lakh) in the state (Bhatt & Bhargava, 2006a).

Water Resources: The Chota Nagpur plateau is the source of the major rivers of the state namely Koel, Damodar, Brahmani, Kharkai and Subarnarekha.
Total Urbanised Districts = 38 Total Urbanisation %age = 11.3% Compared to Urbanisation %age of INDIA at 31.2%.

The sum of all the undivided shares for each apartment owner must be proportionate to the area of the land in which the apartment has been constructed. Five different types of soils can be recognised in the state, they are: (i) Red soil (mostly in the Damodar valley and Rajmahal areas), (ii) Micacious soil, containing particles of mica (found in Koderma, Jhumri Telaiya, Barkagaon and areas adjacent to Mandar hill), (iii) Sandy soil (Hazaribagh and Dhanbad), (iv) Black soil (Rajmahal area) and (v) Laterite soil (western part of Ranchi, Palamau and parts of Santal Parganas and Singhbhum). Bihar Bhumi Sarkar Jankari Registration advanced Search Online. This portion is called as ‘Undivided Share of Land’ (UDS). Hooker (1848) was the first botanist who made sporadic collections in the Parasnath hills to study the flora of Bihar. [51] Rice accounts for more than one third gross area sown. 1.

), Cyperaceae (140 spp. The average annual rainfall varies between 100 cm in the west-central to more than 150 cm in the extreme north and in the south-west. The data also shows that the state GSDP grew by 49% between 1980 and 1985, which means that the economy was one of the fastest growing in the country during the early 1980s as well. This decision helped facilitate problems faced by agricultural workers in the late 1980s and paved for the victory of Lalu Prasad in 1989.[22]. JavaScript must be enabled in order for you to use the Site in standard view.

Rice and wheat were around 29% and Bihar was truly an agriculture power house in the days after independence.

Campbell (1886) had collected plants over 30 years in Chotanagpur region for his noteworthy work “The Descriptive Catalogue of Economic Products of Chutianagpur”. The British opened a factory in Patna in 1620 for the purchase and storage of calico and silk. and Scrophulariaceae (69 spp.
Bihar's share of revenue from the Central pool declined by Rs. The legal implication of undivided land share makes it an intrinsic part of any real estate deal. Subsequently, Ball (1866, 1867, 1869) made a study on the flora of Manbhum and Hazaribagh with particular reference to the food plants of the natives. November 2008 reported 19,729 vehicle sales in different categories, whereas 15,326 vehicles were sold in the same period of the prior year. : The state is an abode of many indigenous tribal communities. The state owned huge farms and these were cultivated by slaves and farm labourers. But with the advent of the external traders and successive invasions as well as the internal weaknesses, the village economy started to degrade. : The state possesses undulating tracts, hills and ridges ranging from 300 to 900 m, and major part of the state lies on the Chota Nagpur plateau. Modi added that the rate of real estate properties had increased tremendously since it was the middle-class population who dominated the state. [17] Rice, Wheat, Coarse grains, Sesame, Pepper, Saffron, Pulses, Linseed, mustard, vegetables and fruits of various kinds and sugarcane were grown. Conservation: Biodiversity of this region faces various threats. Provisions for incentive even in zero VAT cases. [13] However, in January 2010, the Indian government's Central Statistics Organisation reported that in the five-year period between 2004–2005 and 2008–09, Bihar's GDP grew by 11.03%, which made Bihar the second fastest growing economy in India during that 5-year period, just behind Gujarat's growth of 11.05%. (1975), Paul & Prasad (1978), Raizada (1978), Biswas & Maheswari (1980), Paria & Chattopadhyay (2000, 2005), Singh & al. There are 30 different tribal communities in the state; Santal, Oraon, Munda, Ho, Kharwar, Bhumij, Kharia, Lohra, Mahli and Mal Pahariya are the larger tribal communities with more than one lakh population each, besides there are many other indigenous tribal communities in the state namely Bedia, Karmali, Gond, Chick Baraik, Kisan, Korwa, Parhaiya, Sauria Paharia, Asur and Birhor. It is expected that in 2009 new multiplexes, malls, parks, restaurants will all open in the city. NDTV dubbed this as the "Quiet Transformation". The trade was regulated by the state. Indian government data from 1980 to 1990 (see Economic Indicators below) also show that the GSDP of the undivided Bihar grew by 72% in this period despite the socio-economic problems of the state. Buchanania cochinchinensis and Shorea robusta are illegally felled in large number by the locals for fuel, firewood and timber and also for thatching and fencing purposes. Climate: The state exhibits three well-defined seasons: summer (March–mid-June), rainy monsoon (mid-June–October) and winter (November–February). Also, the criminalisation of politics during this time created a business unfriendly climate and contributed to the economic collapse. However, the state is administratively divided into 38 different districts.

COMPFED has established 5023 cooperative societies with 2.54 lakh membership -highest among the eastern states. Ownership of Parking Space

The city is one of the best fishing grounds in India. [33] The central government funded north-east corridor expressway will run through the northern part of the state making the north better connected with the rest of India. More tanneries & footwear units are to be set up in the private sector.[7]. Being another district headquarters, it is equal to the capital in terms of powers. Majority of these tribal communities especially those inhabiting in the woodlands are utilizing the available wide range of wild plant resources for various purposes. This share of land has no defined boundaries and each and every flat built on that particular plot will have associated UDS. 2. Wood (1906) and Haines (1910) also did extensive work in Chotanagpur plateau and published a comprehensive account entitled, “A Forest Flora of Chotanagpur” in which a total of 275 species were recorded from Singhbhum. There are different recognised vegetation/forest types in the state (as per the revised classification of forests in India by Champion & Seth (1968), they are: (i) Cane brakes, (ii) Bhabar Dun Sal Forest, (iii) West Gangetic Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest, (iv) Eastern Wet Alluvial Grassland, (v) Dry Siwalik Sal Forest, (vi) Dry Peninsular Sal Forest, (vii) Northern Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest, (viii) Dry Deciduous Scrub, (ix) Boswellia Forest, and (x) Dry Bamboo Brakes (FSI, 2015). Exemption from Stamp Duty and registration fee on land transfer. Eastern region headquarters of Indian power major NTPC is situated at Patna; following are the major power plants under this region: Kahalgaon, Talchar & Farakka. Subsequently, Ball (1866, 1867, 1869) made a study on the flora of Manbhum and Hazaribagh with particular reference to the food plants of the natives. The empire stretched from Bengal in the east to Indus in the west. 3.

Reimbursement of 50% of the amount spent on plant & machinery for captive power generation. Germany's Siemens AG, Bombardier Transportation India Ltd, a unit of Canada's Bombardier Inc., and France's Alstom SA is attempting to secure an order to build and supply at least 660 electric locomotives for the railways. Climate: Being situated in the tropical and subtropical region, the state exhibits a continental monsoon type of climate. Bihar desde Mapcarta, el mapa libre. This is more so in the case of the apartments. standard view, enable JavaScript by changing your browser options.

The state covers a total geographical area of 94,163 km. Its calculated by multiplying the total land area with the size of the individual apartment and dividing the result by the total area of all apartments in the project. Whereas Districts of Sheohar , Sheikhpura district & Arwal Remained Least Prosperous ( Bottom 3). Most of the buyers often decide their property purchase based on the factors like built-up area offered and the additional amenities attached to the flat. Bihar is an entirely land-locked state, located in the eastern part of the country, and lying between 24°20'10"–27°31'15" N and 83°19'50"–88°17'40" E. It is bounded by Nepal in the north and by Jharkhand in the south. In 1980 undivided Bihar had a population of 70 million. The population of tribal communities in the state constitutes 26.30% of state’s total population (Bhatt & Bhargava, 2006b). (1975), Paul & Prasad (1978), Raizada (1978), Biswas & Maheswari (1980), Paria & Chattopadhyay (2000, 2005), Singh & al. Zonal, comprises following LIC division: Muzaffarpur, Patna-1, Patna-2, Bhagalpur, Begusarai, Jamshedpur, Hazaribagh, Berhampur, Cuttack, Bhubaneshwar & Sambalpur. The Rashtra landholdings were independent of the state machinery in their internal functioning and administration. Maize accounts for 1.5 million MT(or 10% of country production), Litchi production is 0.28 million MT(Bihar contributes 71% of national production), Makhana levels are 0.003 million MT(Bihar contributes 85% of national production), Mango is 1.4 million MT(13% of All India), Vegetable production is 8.60 million MT (9% of All India), Honey Production is 1300 MT (14% of All India). [18] The Mauryan empire supplied western countries with Indigo and other medicinal substances, cotton, silk. Incentive granted on land/shed in Industrial Area/ Industrial Park etc.